26th International Conference on Advanced Nanotechnology
All-Russian Research Institute for Optical and Physical Measurements, Russia
Title: Optical nanosensors based on light scattering: Physical principles and applications for medical diagnostics and food control
Biography: A D Levin
Optical sensors based on size and shape change the functionalized nanoparticles (NP) due to interaction with the analyte are considered. NP’s are functionalized by antibodies and in the case of presence of the specific analyte in the solution aggregation or shell formation process occurs. The change in particle size caused by these processes is controlled using dynamic light scattering (DLS) or resonance light scattering (RLS) spectroscopy. Both optical methods are available and non-invasive. Such techniques have several advantages in comparison with the conventional immunechemical analysis–they are washing-free and time-saving. For medical applications nanoparticles sizing in blood plasma is required, for this purpose depolarized light scattering helps to distinguish light scattering of conjugates from the scattering of plasma proteins. The model describing the kinetics of functionalized NP size increasing was developed and applied for the optimization of nanosensor parameters (material, size, shape and concentration of NP). Experimental results on DLS based nanosensor for the disease markers and food contaminants are presented. New DLS instrument and data processing algorithms developed for applications with optical nanosensor gives the additional opportunities– non-spherical NP sizing using multi-polarization DLS, estimation of NP number concentration and, subtraction of the background NP size distribution.